Everyone knows there are tens of thousands of people applying for jobs in investment banks. Some people, however, appear keener to apply to investment banks than others.
Academics at the University of California and Duke University conducted detailed interviews with 56 students at Stanford and Harvard Universities in the US. Their findings, published in the Sociology of Education Journal, are shown in the charts below.
Career choices by social class
If the sample of Stanford and Harvard students is representative of all students, finance firms have a serious problem with working class students. None of the students with a working class family background wanted to work in finance. They were far more interested in the so-called 'impact careers' of education, charity, public service,or creative media. - 55% of working class students were applying for these roles, with another 22% applying for tech and consulting respectively.
Meanwhile, the students who were interested in finance careers were disproportionately upper middle class. The days when, Lloyd Blankfein, son of a postal clerk, went into banking, seem to be over.
Career choices by gender
Banks also have an issue with women. The women in the sample were disproportionately interested in technology careers, and a greater proportion than men were interested in 'traditional professions' (law, medicine, management in corporates). However, only 11% of women were interested in finance careers, compared to 28% of men.
Career choices by race
Finance careers were also comparatively unattractive to members of the sample who were either white or mixed race. Mixed race candidates were disproportionately interested in technology careers. White candidates were more interested in impact careers. Asian and black or Hispanic students were more interested in finance.
Career choices by subject
Lastly, finance firms were seriously lacking in appeal to humanities students. None of the humanities students in the sample wanted to work in finance, preferring to work in impact careers and consulting instead.